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The Supreme System Lord was the ruler and nominal monarch of the Goa'uld Empire. The title provided the highest prestige among the Goa'uld System Lords and was an acknowledgement of Ra's authority, power and cunning, though the others continued to try to overthrow Ra.


When Ra was distracted by Anubis' attack during the Second Goa'uld Dynasty, Sokar took advantage and deposed him from his seat of power. (SG1: "Living Gods: Stargate System Lords") He was eventually deposed by a vengeful Ra, who formed an alliance with several other System Lords, including Apophis and Cronus. They decimated his forces and believed him destroyed, but he survived though reduced to a minor System Lord. (SG1: "Living Gods: Stargate System Lords", "Jolinar's Memories").

No other Goa'uld ever claimed the title after Ra's death at the hands of Colonel Jack O'Neill and Dr. Daniel Jackson of the Tau'ri on Abydos in 1996. (SG1: "The Tok'ra, Part 1") However Ba'al did attempt to claim the position while secretly serving Anubis behind the scenes. (SG1: "Threads")