The Czech Republic is a nation-state in Central Europe, Earth. The country was formed in 1993, when Czechoslovakia was peacefully dissolved into the Czech Republic and the Slovakia. The capital and largest city is Prague. The Czech Republic is currently a parliamentary republic (with a bicameral parliament), with the Prime Minister as head of government and the President as head of state. The political landscape is largely multipartisan, and two- or three-party coalitions controlling the government are the norm.
The Czech Republic has approximately 10.5 million inhabitants and a surface area of about 79,000 km2 (approximately the size of the U.S. state of South Carolina). The currency is the Czech Koruna (CZK), a free-floating fiat currency issued and managed by the Czech Central Bank, an independent central bank.
The country is a member of the European Union since 2004 (although not of the Euro Area) and of NATO since 1999. Since 2008, the Czech Republic has been a member of the European Space Agency.
From 1949 to 1989, then-Czechoslovakia was part of the East Bloc and had a communist government. An unsuccessful attempt at freedom from the communist regime and its controlling Soviet influence was suppressed by Warsaw Pact armies on the behest of the Soviet leadership in mid-1968. This event, known as the Prague Spring, generated considerable media impact and sympathy in the free "Western world" (along with similar and similarly unsuccessful attempts in neighboring Poland and Hungary in that general period).
- Czech republic is still a part of Czechoslovakia in the alternate reality visited by Dr. Daniel Jackson in 1998. According to the map of cities destroyed by Goa'ulds, Czechoslovakian capital city of Prague was obliterated along with the vast neighboring area. (SG1: "There But for the Grace of God")